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Armenian Symbols

Armenia, a country with a rich history, showcases a vibrant cultural tapestry adorned with numerous symbols reflecting its heritage, beliefs, and traditions. Beyond state symbols like the coat of arms and flag, Armenian culture is teeming with diverse symbols holding deep meanings, resonating with the collective identity of the Armenian people.

Khachkar - The Cross-Stone:

One of Armenia's most iconic symbols is the khachkar, an intricately carved cross-stone scattered throughout the landscape. Serving as memorials and cultural expressions, each khachkar tells a story through detailed carvings of crosses, rosettes, and ornate patterns.


Me and two khachkars! Tsaghats Kar monastic complex

 

Eternity Symbol:

The Armenian eternity symbol (swastika), known as "Arevakhach," is a timeless motif representing eternity or immortality. Crafted with interwoven threads forming an endless knot, it appears in Armenian art, architecture, and jewelry, embodying the enduring spirit of the Armenian people.

 



Armenian eternity symbol


Pomegranate - Symbol of Fertility and Good Fortune:

The pomegranate carries significant cultural symbolism in Armenia, symbolizing fertility, prosperity, and good fortune. Its deep red hue is often associated with life and vitality, featured in traditional Armenian embroidery, ceramics, movies, and ancient manuscripts.

 



Pomegranate tree in Meghri city


Arev - The Sun:

Arev, the Armenian word for sun, symbolizes light, warmth, and life in Armenian mythology and spirituality. Depictions of the sun adorn various forms of Armenian art and religious iconography.

 

Dragons:

Armenian folklore features dragons and serpents, powerful and mythical creatures associated with danger and protection. They appear in epic tales, on rugs, and in architecture. Moreover, the oldest Armenian monuments are called “Vishap,” which is the Armenian word for dragon.



A bas-relief by Artashes Hovsepyan on the wall of the Ararat Brandy Company! We see not only a dragon slain by Vahagn (in this case, it symbolizes evil) but also a sun! Vahagn's hair forms a sun!



Mt. Ararat - Symbol of National Identity:

Biblical Mount Ararat, situated outside modern Armenia, remains a lasting emblem of the nation's identity. It holds historical and cultural significance, glorified in Armenian songs and poetry, occupying a central place in the Armenian National Emblem alongside Noah’s ark.

 


View of Mount Ararat from Yerevan by Martiros Sarian


Grapes:

Deeply rooted in Armenia's cultural heritage, grapes symbolize resilience, fertility, and hospitality. Revered for millennia, they play a central role in Armenian winemaking, featured not only in arts but also in architecture, embodying the spirit of the land and contributing to Armenia's ancient culture.


Apricot Paradise:

Armenia is often referred to as the "Land of Apricots." The apricot is one of many symbols  of the country.

 

Conclusion:

Armenian symbols, beyond artistic expressions, carry profound meanings linking the past with the present. Each symbol narrates a story, encapsulating the resilience, spirituality, and cultural richness of the Armenian people. As these symbols are celebrated and preserved, they contribute to the vibrant mosaic that is Armenian heritage.

 Gallery

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